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Cassia angustifolia - Swarna patri

Cassia angustifolia Vahl.
Family: Caesalpininiace

Sanskrit - Swarna patri
Gujarati - Nat ki sana
Hindi - Sanay, Sana ka patt
Kannada - Nelavarike, Sonamukhi
Malayalam Sunnamukki, Connamukki
Sanskrit Svarnapatti
Telugu - Nela tangedu
Tamil - Nilavarai, Nelavakai

Perennial plant which live and bear fruit a number of years before they die.

Active ingredient:Anthroquone glycoside, which exists in the plant in the form of anthranol glycoside.

Purgative (free from astringent action of rhubark type herbs, but causes gripe), used in compounds for treating biliousness, distention of stomach, vomiting and hiccups. Also used as
a febrifuge, in splenic enlargements, jaundice, amoebic dysentery. Contraindicated in inflammatory colon diseases.

References: 147 works are indexed by pubmed on Cassia angustifolia. Latest 20 can be found here.

1: Waltenberger B, Avula B, Ganzera M, Khan IA, Stuppner H, Khan SI.
Transport of sennosides and sennidines from Cassia angustifolia and Cassia senna across Caco-2 monolayers--an in vitro model for intestinal absorption.
Phytomedicine. 2008 May;15(5):373-7. Epub 2007 May 3.
PMID: 17481875

2: Pergo EM, Abrahim D, Soares da Silva PC, Kern KA, Da Silva LJ, Voll E, Ishii-Iwamoto EL.

Bidens pilosa L. exhibits high sensitivity to coumarin in comparison with three other weed species.
J Chem Ecol. 2008 Apr;34(4):499-507. Epub 2008 Mar 13.
PMID: 18338136

3: Reddy KN, Rimando AM, Duke SO, Nandula VK.
Aminomethylphosphonic acid accumulation in plant species treated with glyphosate.
J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Mar 26;56(6):2125-30. Epub 2008 Feb 26.
PMID: 18298069

4: Silva CR, Monteiro MR, Rocha HM, Ribeiro AF, Caldeira-de-Araujo A, Leitão AC, Bezerra RJ, Pádula M.
Assessment of antimutagenic and genotoxic potential of senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl.) aqueous extract using in vitro assays.
Toxicol In Vitro. 2008 Feb;22(1):212-8. Epub 2007 Jul 31.
PMID: 17826029

5: Wu QP, Wang ZJ, Tang LY, Fu MH, He Y, Fang J, Gong QF.
[Determination of five primary chemical constituents in Cassia angustifolia by HPLC]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008 Feb;33(4):363-5. Chinese.
PMID: 18533485

6: Rodrigues TM, Machado SR.
Pulvinus functional traits in relation to leaf movements: a light and transmission electron microscopy study of the vascular system.
Micron. 2008;39(1):7-16. Epub 2007 Sep 11.
PMID: 17950612

7: Guézou A, Pozo P, Buddenhagen C.
Preventing establishment: an inventory of introduced plants in Puerto Villamil, Isabela Island, Galapagos.
PLoS ONE. 2007 Oct 17;2(10):e1042.
PMID: 17940606
8: Wu QP, Wang ZJ, Fu MH, Tang LY, He Y, Fang J, Gong QF.

[Chemical constituents from the leaves of Cassia angustifolia]
Zhong Yao Cai. 2007 Oct;30(10):1250-2. Chinese.
PMID: 18300495

9: Chomnawang MT, Surassmo S, Nukoolkarn VS, Gritsanapan W.
Effect of Garcinia mangostana on inflammation caused by Propionibacterium acnes.
Fitoterapia. 2007 Sep;78(6):401-8. Epub 2007 Jun 2.
PMID: 17644272
10: Cuzzolin L, Francini-Pesenti F, Zaffani S, Brocadello F, Pengo V, Bassi A, Benoni G.

Knowledges about herbal products among subjects on warfarin therapy and patient-physician relationship: a pilot study.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2007 Sep;16(9):1014-7.
PMID: 17615601

11: He WF, Lu JC, Yu XM, Ding YM.
[Studies on chemical constituents of leaves of Cassia angustifolia]
Zhong Yao Cai. 2007 Sep;30(9):1082-4. Chinese.
PMID: 18236748

12: Manda H, Gouagna LC, Foster WA, Jackson RR, Beier JC, Githure JI, Hassanali A.
Effect of discriminative plant-sugar feeding on the survival and fecundity of Anopheles gambiae.
Malar J. 2007 Aug 21;6:113.
PMID: 17711580

13: Vashishtha VM, Kumar A, John TJ, Nayak NC.
Cassia occidentalis poisoning causes fatal coma in children in western Uttar Pradesh.
Indian Pediatr. 2007 Jul;44(7):522-5.
PMID: 17684305

14: Rodrigues TM, Machado SR.
The pulvinus endodermal cells and their relation to leaf movement in legumes of the Brazilian cerrado.
Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2007 Jul;9(4):469-77. Epub 2007 Feb 15.
PMID: 17301934

15: Ueda M, Nakamura Y.
Chemical basis of plant leaf movement.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2007 Jul;48(7):900-7. Epub 2007 Jun 12. Review.
PMID: 17566057

16: Moo-Puc RE, Mena-Rejon GJ, Quijano L, Cedillo-Rivera R.
Antiprotozoal activity of Senna racemosa.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Jun 13;112(2):415-6. Epub 2007 Mar 30.
PMID: 17481835

17: Vashishtha VM, Kumar A, John TJ, Nayak NC.
Cassia occidentalis poisoning as the probable cause of hepatomyoencephalopathy in children in western Uttar Pradesh.
Indian J Med Res. 2007 Jun;125(6):756-62.
PMID: 17704552

18: Sossai P, Nasone C, Cantalamessa F.
Are herbs always good for you? A case of paralytic ileum using a herbal tisane.
Phytother Res. 2007 Jun;21(6):587-8.
PMID: 17397118

19: Njoroge GN, Bussmann RW.
Ethnotherapeautic management of skin diseases among the Kikuyus of Central Kenya.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 May 4;111(2):303-7. Epub 2006 Dec 1.
PMID: 17207950

20: Rodrigues E.
Plants of restricted use indicated by three cultures in Brazil (Caboclo-river dweller, Indian and Quilombola).
J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 May 4;111(2):295-302. Epub 2006 Nov 26.
PMID: 17196776